The Step-By-Step Guide For Mobile App Architecture Designing

A Comprehensive Guide to Mobile App Architecture

The astronomical rise in mobile app development showcases the mobile app adoption move from novelty to usability. Increasingly, businesses of different sizes and types approach us for building an app that performs to the notch, has unique app features, helps them with gaining maximum users’ attention, and so on. Realizing success with app development is impossible unless the mobile app architecture design is created.

The mobile app architecture design works as a foundation for engineering quality, and zero-defect application. It enables even the professional developers to perform their job faster with improved control over data and work. Besides, changing the project scope in the middle of development or scaling the app becomes easier and simpler with mobile application architecture.

The businesses in the plan of building a mobile or web app should be aware of the mobile app architecture in detail. The complete mobile app development guide would let you know how to build an app, and the missing details related to architecture designing is covered in this mobile app development architecture guide. Let’s dive in!

What is mobile app architecture?

The mobile app architecture is a skeleton of the mobile application that defines all the components from a set of techniques to patterns needed to engineer an application while maintaining the industry standards. It acts as a framework that provides a roadmap and the best practices required to end up developing a well-structured application with no missing parts.

The components are selected in the architecture based on the app requirements, features set, tech stack, complexity, and design. A good mobile application architecture enables rapid app development and ensures hassle-free maintenance in the years to come.

Additionally, mobile app architecture terms cannot be interchangeably used with technology stack as it’s more concerned about the development process and business/user requirements. It answers everything from data collection and flows to platform and tech stack leveraged.

Which are the layers of mobile app architecture?

The mobile app architecture is divided into multiple layers that are essential as it makes the operational layers work individually without interrupting others. Also, the building and execution of each component improves the mobile application development architecture understanding and enable developers to fix the issues instantly. The mobile app architecture diagram makes it easy to understand.

Presentation layer

This layer is more about UI components and user process components that describe how the mobile app look and feel when presented to the end-users. During the presentation layer designing, the right type of data format, data validation, support for device form factors, and colors, fonts, & text location are taken care of. The UX design manages the user interaction with the app by understanding the complete journey throughout the app.

Business layer

This layer is more about how data is presented before the end-users as it encapsulates the data types that the application uses, loading data from databases/networks, and data processing. Also, business logic defines the data processing that needs to perform to turn the data into a meaningful form for the end-users. The business layer involves workflows, components, and sub-layers namely- the domain layer and the service layer. The business logic layer deployed on the user and backend server remotely minimizes the overall load.

Data layer

The layer meets the secured transaction needs of the businesses with a mix of service agents, utilities, and data access components. With growing data, it’s essential to select the right data format with a validation technique, which meets the scalability needs and invalid data input prevention. It meets the modification needs as the business requirements get updated. The data layer comprises two layers- the persistent layer and the network layer.

A persistent layer ensures easy data access from the mobile app backend in the same data format it’s stored. A networking layer offers the path for communication by establishing a logical connection, data forwarding, routing, and making network calls.

Service layer

The rarely known component of mobile app architecture lies between the presentation and data access layer. This layer involves service interface specification and enforcement, and translator components for data format translation. It aims to decouple the presentation from the nitty-gritty of business logic specifics so that multiple presentation layers are created which are updated without impacting the presentation layer.

Communication layer

The components in the mobile app architecture must communicate with each other in some way, which requires building a communication infrastructure for every component. For instance, when data is stored on the application permanently if changed or updated after some time, then direct communication between the data enables the storage of the right value instantly.

What are the top mobile architecture patterns?

The selection of the right mobile application architecture is all-important to drive business success with mobile app development. Implementing core logic, for example, in dynamic, scalable mobile applications is not possible. Architecture patterns with modular design can solve this problem. Here’s the list of different types of architectures that serves various business project needs.

MVP

The MVP model comprises three layers- model, view, and presenter. The model is a data-storage layer that’s created following business rules and enables communication of the components with the network layer and database. The view is a UI layer that improves data visualization and maintains a record of users’ actions to notify the Presenter effortlessly. The Presenter receives data from the model and makes decisions on what to show through UI logic. It helps with knowing the view’s status track and identifying the response to users’ input notifications.

The architecture pattern is preferred by the Android developers because it provides a codebase that’s easy-to-manage, and facilitates modularity and testability at scale.

MVC

The MVC model is divided into three parts namely- model, view, and controller that make the app maintenance easier. Model is a data layer that consists of objects, network code, parsers, and persistent. The view part is a UI layer that displays data and keeps tabs on the user actions to inform the presenter off the bat. The Controller works in-between model and view by sending messages back and forth following a set of defined rules.

The MVC architecture is favored for building dynamic websites where frequent updates are essential to reflect on the front end. For instance, the layout of all the Amazon product pages is the same, but they appear different due to distinct data updates from the database.

MVVM

It refers to as model view ViewModel architecture that helps in the separation of design and code structure concerns. The model eliminates the need for putting the business logic in a controller or view, unlike the MVC model. It’s preferred for large-scale app development as it facilitates extensibility, code modularization, testability, and pluggability massively.

The Model layer is about abstracting the data sources, retrieving and saving data, and making the model and ViewModel collaborate. The View layer informs the users’ action to ViewModel. The ViewModel separates GUI development through GUI code.

Which are the requirements of a good mobile app architecture?

You know the steps to build an app, but at the same time, knowing a couple of principles for mobile app architecture designing is equally important to ensure the app performs as expected and reaps the advantages it deserves. These key principles are the minimum requirements that architecture should meet for the best results.

Efficiency

When the application executes the tasks successfully means every feature is working as defined and anticipated. The well-grounded architecture makes the app perform effectively under various load conditions.

Portability

The app must respond to environmental, market, technological, and customer preference changes to survive and thrive in the market. A single addition, updation, or deletion from the mobile app has a direct impact on the database, server, and other systems. The portability feature in mobile application architecture helps in diminishing the negative effect of accommodating the changes.

Testability

Testing each component of the mobile application before its launch is imperative. The mobile app architecture enables testing of every individual component under various conditions to make sure it works consistently.

Security

Security is a cardinal aspect of mobile app development, wherein HTTPS, encryption techniques, PCI DSS, GDPR, SSL certificates, and other security compliance adherence is necessary. The mobile app security architecture sheds light on all the aspects that remain an entry point for hackers and showcases ways to seal the points. Also, it ensures the app complies with all the rules and regulations provided by the nation’s government.

Manageability

Managing a mobile app efficiently is all-important to monitor the system performance, process execution, database security, and so on. A good architecture makes it easy to monitor and maintain everything that revolves around the mobile application.

Reusability

The app development, app redesigning, and app upgrade get accelerated when existing components and protocols are leveraged. The architecture must be flexible enough to enable reusability in the app development cycle.

Maintainability

Making the mobile app stay on the top of the users’ minds forever requires frequent upgrades, bug fixes, performance improvements, technology advancement, and a lot more. It makes regular app maintenance vital. The mobile app architecture makes changes implementation time-savvy and inexpensive with high maintainability.

Performance

The app that performs glitch-free and at speed is most favored by users worldwide. It helps in reducing in abandonment rate and bouncing rate. The app architecture ensures future app performance optimization by paying attention to app design, efficient memory management, and leveraging performance monitoring tools to meet the minimum expectations of the users.

Which criteria help in selecting the right mobile app architecture?

Identifying the ideal architecture for mobile app development is vital as it lays the foundation for future applications. You should perform the following steps to ensure the selected architecture is the best fit.

Analysis

From usability studies to ethnographic interviews/surveys help in knowing the user behavior and provide an understanding of their experiences. The data gathered from user research when analyzed, the user personas, agile stories, wireframe, and prototype tests are created effortlessly. It helps in making data-driven UI and UX decisions for the mobile app.

Create MVP

The minimum viable product with basic features set is created to test the app idea in the market before its full-fledged version is launched. It helps to know the users’ responses and enhances the app according to the collected data and insights gained. The MVP release in a targeted market enables beta testing of the mobile application.

Evaluation

Evaluate which architecture pattern goes well with the target audience, platform choice, development time, budget needs, and meet features requirements before settling down with one mobile application development architecture design.

Testing

When you have narrowed down the choice to one architecture, it’s time to find out which architecture solves the development problems such as user engagement, high performance, attractive UI, improve convenience, and more.

Wrap up

The seasoned pros know the importance of mobile app development architecture design. Now, you know – why mobile app architecture is the backbone of your future app development, design, or upgrade. The mobile app development architecture guide enlisted everything from mobile app architecture definition, layers, and types to creating and selecting the best architecture along with pro tips.

What’s more? If you are still fuzzy about architecture building that makes your application a great success. We would love to help you with agile mobile app development and other services ahead.

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